10 Computer Vision Interview Questions and Answers in 2023

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As computer vision technology continues to advance, the questions asked in interviews for computer vision positions are becoming increasingly complex. In this blog, we will explore 10 of the most common computer vision interview questions and answers for the year 2023. We will provide a comprehensive overview of the topics, as well as detailed answers to each question. By the end of this blog, you should have a better understanding of the current state of computer vision and the questions you may be asked in an interview.

1. Describe the process of training a convolutional neural network for object detection.

Training a convolutional neural network (CNN) for object detection involves several steps.

First, you need to collect a dataset of images that contain the objects you want to detect. This dataset should be labeled with the objects’ bounding boxes and classes. You can either create your own dataset or use an existing one.

Next, you need to pre-process the data. This includes resizing the images, normalizing the pixel values, and splitting the dataset into training, validation, and test sets.

Once the data is ready, you can start building the CNN model. This involves selecting the architecture, such as a Faster R-CNN or YOLO, and configuring the hyperparameters.

Once the model is built, you can start training it. This involves feeding the training data to the model and optimizing the weights and biases of the network using an optimization algorithm such as stochastic gradient descent.

Finally, you can evaluate the model’s performance on the validation and test sets. This will give you an idea of how well the model is performing and whether it needs further tuning.


2. How would you design a system to detect and classify objects in an image?

To design a system to detect and classify objects in an image, I would start by gathering a dataset of images that contain the objects I want to detect and classify. I would then use a convolutional neural network (CNN) to train the model on the dataset. The CNN would be used to extract features from the images and learn the patterns associated with the objects.

Once the model is trained, I would use a sliding window technique to detect the objects in the image. This technique involves scanning the image with a window of a certain size and using the trained model to classify the objects in the window. If the model detects an object, the window is moved to the next location and the process is repeated.

Once the objects are detected, I would use a region-based convolutional neural network (R-CNN) to classify the objects. This technique involves using a CNN to extract features from the region of the image containing the object and then using a classifier to classify the object.

Finally, I would use non-maximum suppression to remove any overlapping detections. This technique involves comparing the detections and removing any detections that are too close together.

Overall, this system would be able to detect and classify objects in an image using a combination of convolutional neural networks, sliding window techniques, region-based convolutional neural networks, and non-maximum suppression.


3. What techniques have you used to improve the accuracy of a computer vision model?

One of the most effective techniques I have used to improve the accuracy of a computer vision model is data augmentation. Data augmentation is a technique that involves creating additional data points from existing data points by applying various transformations such as rotation, scaling, cropping, flipping, and adding noise. This helps to increase the diversity of the data set, which in turn helps to improve the accuracy of the model.

Another technique I have used is transfer learning. Transfer learning is a technique that involves using a pre-trained model as a starting point for a new model. This helps to reduce the amount of training data required and can also improve the accuracy of the model.

Finally, I have also used hyperparameter optimization to improve the accuracy of a computer vision model. Hyperparameter optimization is a technique that involves tuning the hyperparameters of a model to find the optimal values that will result in the best performance. This can be done manually or using automated techniques such as grid search or random search.


4. How would you go about debugging a computer vision algorithm?

When debugging a computer vision algorithm, the first step is to identify the source of the problem. This can be done by examining the algorithm's input data, output data, and any intermediate results. If the algorithm is not producing the expected results, it is important to determine whether the issue is with the algorithm itself or with the data.

Once the source of the problem has been identified, the next step is to isolate the issue. This can be done by running the algorithm on a subset of the data and comparing the results. If the algorithm produces the expected results on the subset, then the issue is likely with the data. If the algorithm does not produce the expected results on the subset, then the issue is likely with the algorithm.

Once the issue has been isolated, the next step is to identify the cause of the problem. This can be done by examining the algorithm's code and looking for any errors or inconsistencies. If the issue is with the data, then it is important to determine why the data is not producing the expected results.

Finally, once the cause of the problem has been identified, the next step is to fix the issue. This can be done by making changes to the algorithm's code or by adjusting the data. Once the issue has been fixed, it is important to test the algorithm on a variety of data sets to ensure that the issue has been resolved.


5. What challenges have you faced when working with computer vision datasets?

One of the biggest challenges I have faced when working with computer vision datasets is the sheer amount of data that needs to be processed. Computer vision datasets can be extremely large and complex, and require a lot of time and effort to process. Additionally, the data can be noisy and contain a lot of outliers, which can make it difficult to accurately identify patterns and trends.

Another challenge I have faced is the lack of labeled data. Labeling data is a time-consuming process, and it can be difficult to find datasets with enough labeled data to train a model. Additionally, the labels can be inaccurate or incomplete, which can lead to inaccurate results.

Finally, I have also encountered challenges related to the hardware used to process the data. Computer vision datasets can be computationally intensive, and require powerful hardware to process in a timely manner. Additionally, the hardware must be able to handle the large datasets, which can be difficult to manage.


6. How would you design a system to detect and track objects in a video stream?

To design a system to detect and track objects in a video stream, I would use a combination of computer vision algorithms and deep learning techniques.

First, I would use a convolutional neural network (CNN) to detect objects in the video stream. The CNN would be trained on a large dataset of labeled images, so that it can learn to recognize objects in the video stream.

Once the objects have been detected, I would use a tracking algorithm to track the objects in the video stream. There are several different tracking algorithms available, such as the Kalman filter, particle filter, and mean-shift algorithm. Each of these algorithms has its own advantages and disadvantages, so I would need to evaluate which one is best suited for the task at hand.

Finally, I would use a post-processing step to refine the tracking results. This could involve smoothing the trajectories of the tracked objects, or using additional algorithms to improve the accuracy of the tracking results.

Overall, this system would be able to detect and track objects in a video stream with high accuracy.


7. What techniques have you used to optimize the performance of a computer vision model?

When optimizing the performance of a computer vision model, I typically focus on three main areas: data pre-processing, model architecture, and hyperparameter tuning.

For data pre-processing, I use techniques such as data augmentation, normalization, and feature selection to ensure that the model is being trained on the most relevant and useful data. Data augmentation helps to reduce overfitting by creating additional training data from existing data, while normalization helps to ensure that the model is not biased towards any particular feature. Feature selection helps to reduce the complexity of the model by removing features that are not contributing to the model’s performance.

For model architecture, I use techniques such as transfer learning, model pruning, and model compression to optimize the model’s performance. Transfer learning allows me to leverage existing models and fine-tune them for my specific task, while model pruning and compression help to reduce the complexity of the model and improve its performance.

Finally, I use hyperparameter tuning to optimize the model’s performance. This involves using techniques such as grid search, random search, and Bayesian optimization to find the optimal combination of hyperparameters for the model. This helps to ensure that the model is able to achieve the best possible performance.

Overall, these techniques help to ensure that the computer vision model is able to achieve the best possible performance.


8. How would you go about creating a dataset for a computer vision task?

Creating a dataset for a computer vision task requires careful planning and consideration of the task at hand. The first step is to determine the type of data that is needed for the task. This could include images, videos, or text. Once the type of data is determined, the next step is to decide on the size of the dataset. This will depend on the complexity of the task and the amount of data needed to train the model.

Once the size of the dataset is determined, the next step is to collect the data. This could involve downloading images from the internet, taking pictures or videos with a camera, or collecting text from sources such as books or websites. It is important to ensure that the data is of high quality and is relevant to the task.

The next step is to label the data. This could involve manually labeling the data or using automated tools such as image recognition software. Labeling the data correctly is essential for training the model.

Finally, the dataset needs to be split into training, validation, and test sets. This will ensure that the model is tested on data that it has not seen before.

Creating a dataset for a computer vision task is a complex process that requires careful planning and consideration. By following the steps outlined above, a dataset can be created that is suitable for the task at hand.


9. What techniques have you used to reduce the computational complexity of a computer vision algorithm?

One technique I have used to reduce the computational complexity of a computer vision algorithm is to use a divide-and-conquer approach. This involves breaking down the problem into smaller, more manageable sub-problems and then solving each sub-problem separately. This can reduce the overall complexity of the algorithm by reducing the number of operations required to solve the problem.

Another technique I have used is to use a hierarchical approach. This involves breaking down the problem into multiple levels of abstraction and then solving each level separately. This can reduce the complexity of the algorithm by reducing the number of operations required to solve the problem.

I have also used a greedy approach to reduce the complexity of a computer vision algorithm. This involves making decisions based on the best immediate outcome, rather than considering the long-term consequences. This can reduce the complexity of the algorithm by reducing the number of operations required to solve the problem.

Finally, I have used a branch-and-bound approach to reduce the complexity of a computer vision algorithm. This involves exploring all possible solutions and then selecting the best one. This can reduce the complexity of the algorithm by reducing the number of operations required to solve the problem.


10. How would you go about deploying a computer vision model in a production environment?

Deploying a computer vision model in a production environment requires careful planning and execution. The first step is to ensure that the model is properly trained and tested. This includes running the model on a variety of data sets to ensure that it is performing as expected. Once the model is ready, it needs to be packaged into a format that can be deployed in the production environment. This could include a Docker container, a Kubernetes cluster, or a cloud-based platform such as AWS or GCP.

Once the model is packaged, it needs to be deployed to the production environment. This could involve setting up a web server to host the model, or deploying the model to a cloud-based platform. Once the model is deployed, it needs to be monitored to ensure that it is performing as expected. This could involve setting up logging and metrics to track the model's performance.

Finally, the model needs to be integrated into the production environment. This could involve setting up an API endpoint to allow the model to be accessed by other applications, or integrating the model into an existing application. Once the model is integrated, it needs to be tested to ensure that it is working as expected.

Overall, deploying a computer vision model in a production environment requires careful planning and execution. It is important to ensure that the model is properly trained and tested, packaged into a deployable format, deployed to the production environment, monitored, and integrated into the production environment.


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