10 .NET Interview Questions and Answers in 2023

.NET icon
As the .NET framework continues to evolve and become more popular, it is important for developers to stay up to date on the latest trends and technologies. With that in mind, this blog post will provide a comprehensive overview of the top 10 .NET interview questions and answers for 2023. We will cover topics such as the .NET Core, .NET Standard, and the .NET Framework, as well as the differences between them. We will also discuss the most important concepts and features of the .NET platform, and provide detailed answers to the most commonly asked questions. By the end of this blog post, you should have a better understanding of the .NET platform and be better prepared for any .NET-related interview.

1. Describe the .NET Framework and its components.

The .NET Framework is a software development platform developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Windows. It provides a comprehensive and consistent programming model for building applications that have visually stunning user experiences, seamless and secure communication, and the ability to model a range of business processes.

The .NET Framework consists of two main components: the Common Language Runtime (CLR) and the .NET Framework Class Library. The CLR is the execution engine that handles the execution of .NET programs. It provides services such as memory management, type safety, exception handling, garbage collection, security, and thread management. The .NET Framework Class Library is a library of pre-built code that developers can use to quickly build applications. It includes a wide range of classes, interfaces, and value types that provide access to system functionality such as file I/O, database interaction, network communications, and user interface development.

In addition to the CLR and the .NET Framework Class Library, the .NET Framework also includes a set of development tools such as Visual Studio and the .NET Framework SDK. These tools provide developers with the necessary tools to create, debug, and deploy .NET applications.


2. What is the difference between a managed and an unmanaged code?

The main difference between managed and unmanaged code is that managed code is executed by the .NET Common Language Runtime (CLR) while unmanaged code is executed directly by the operating system.

Managed code is written in a .NET language such as C# or Visual Basic and is compiled into an intermediate language (IL) that is then executed by the CLR. The CLR provides services such as memory management, type safety, and exception handling. This makes managed code more secure and reliable than unmanaged code.

Unmanaged code is written in a language such as C or C++ and is compiled directly into machine code that is then executed by the operating system. Unmanaged code does not have the same level of security and reliability as managed code, as it does not have access to the same services provided by the CLR.


3. What is the purpose of the Common Language Runtime (CLR)?

The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of Microsoft's .NET framework. It is responsible for managing the execution of .NET programs, providing services such as memory management, type safety, exception handling, garbage collection, security and thread management.

The CLR provides a language-neutral development and execution environment, allowing developers to write code using any of the .NET languages, such as C#, Visual Basic, F#, and others. The CLR compiles the code into an intermediate language (IL) which is then converted into native code by the Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler. This allows the code to be executed on any platform that supports the .NET framework.

The CLR also provides a number of services to the .NET applications, such as memory management, type safety, exception handling, garbage collection, security, and thread management. These services allow developers to focus on the application logic, rather than having to worry about the underlying infrastructure.

In summary, the Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the .NET framework that provides a language-neutral development and execution environment, allowing developers to write code using any of the .NET languages. It also provides a number of services to the .NET applications, such as memory management, type safety, exception handling, garbage collection, security, and thread management.


4. What is the difference between a Class and an Interface in .NET?

The main difference between a Class and an Interface in .NET is that a Class is a blueprint for an object, while an Interface is a contract between two objects.

A Class is a template for an object that defines the properties, methods, and events of the object. It is used to create objects that have the same characteristics and behavior. A Class can contain fields, properties, methods, events, and constructors. It can also contain other classes, interfaces, and structures.

An Interface is a contract between two objects that defines the methods, properties, and events that the objects must implement. It is used to define a common set of behaviors that can be shared between different objects. An Interface cannot contain fields, properties, methods, events, or constructors. It can only contain other interfaces.

In summary, a Class is a blueprint for an object, while an Interface is a contract between two objects.


5. What is the purpose of the Garbage Collector in .NET?

The purpose of the Garbage Collector in .NET is to manage the memory allocation of objects in the .NET framework. It is responsible for reclaiming memory from objects that are no longer in use, and for ensuring that objects are properly disposed of when they are no longer needed. The Garbage Collector works by periodically scanning the managed heap for objects that are no longer referenced by the application. When it finds such objects, it reclaims the memory associated with them and makes it available for other objects. The Garbage Collector also performs other tasks such as compacting the heap to reduce fragmentation, and performing finalization on objects that require it. The Garbage Collector is an important part of the .NET framework, as it helps to ensure that memory is managed efficiently and that objects are properly disposed of when they are no longer needed.


6. What is the difference between a WebForm and a WindowsForm in .NET?

The main difference between a WebForm and a WindowsForm in .NET is the type of application they are used to create. WebForms are used to create web applications, while WindowsForms are used to create desktop applications.

WebForms are based on the ASP.NET framework and use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create the user interface. They are designed to be used in a web browser and can be accessed from any device with an internet connection.

WindowsForms are based on the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) framework and use XAML to create the user interface. They are designed to be used on a Windows operating system and can only be accessed from a computer running Windows.

WebForms are more flexible than WindowsForms, as they can be accessed from any device with an internet connection. However, WindowsForms are more powerful, as they can access the full range of Windows APIs and have access to more powerful hardware.


7. What is the purpose of the App.config file in .NET?

The App.config file in .NET is an XML-based configuration file used to store application settings for .NET applications. It is used to store information such as connection strings, application settings, and other configuration information. It is also used to store assembly binding information, which is used to specify the version of an assembly that an application should use. The App.config file is used to store configuration information that is specific to the application, such as the database connection string, and is not shared with other applications. The App.config file is also used to store application-level settings, such as the application's culture and UI culture, which can be used to customize the application's behavior. The App.config file is also used to store application-level settings, such as the application's culture and UI culture, which can be used to customize the application's behavior. Additionally, the App.config file can be used to store application-level settings, such as the application's culture and UI culture, which can be used to customize the application's behavior.


8. What is the difference between a DataSet and a DataReader in .NET?

The main difference between a DataSet and a DataReader in .NET is that a DataSet is an in-memory representation of data from a database, while a DataReader is a forward-only, read-only stream of data from a database.

A DataSet is a disconnected, in-memory representation of data from a database. It can contain multiple tables, relationships, and constraints. It can also be used to store data from multiple databases. It is a powerful tool for manipulating data, as it allows for data to be queried, updated, and deleted.

A DataReader, on the other hand, is a forward-only, read-only stream of data from a database. It is used to retrieve data from a database in a fast and efficient manner. It is a lightweight object that does not require much memory, and it is optimized for retrieving data one row at a time. It is not suitable for manipulating data, as it does not support updating, deleting, or inserting data.

In summary, a DataSet is a powerful tool for manipulating data, while a DataReader is a lightweight object optimized for retrieving data one row at a time.


9. What is the purpose of the Global Assembly Cache (GAC) in .NET?

The Global Assembly Cache (GAC) is a machine-wide code cache that stores assemblies specifically designated to be shared by several applications on the computer. It is located in the %windir%assembly folder on a computer running the Microsoft .NET Framework.

The purpose of the GAC is to provide a central repository for shared assemblies that are used by multiple applications on the same computer. It allows multiple applications to reference the same assembly without having to install it in each application's own folder. This helps to reduce disk space and improve performance.

The GAC also helps to ensure that multiple applications use the same version of an assembly. When an assembly is added to the GAC, it is given a unique identity that includes the assembly's version number. This ensures that applications that reference the assembly will always use the same version.

The GAC also provides a security mechanism for shared assemblies. Assemblies in the GAC are strongly named, which means that they are digitally signed with a public/private key pair. This helps to ensure that the assembly has not been tampered with and that it is from a trusted source.


10. Describe the process of creating a custom .NET control.

Creating a custom .NET control involves several steps.

First, you need to create a class that inherits from the System.Windows.Forms.Control class. This class will contain the code for the custom control. You can add properties, methods, and events to the class to customize the control.

Next, you need to create a constructor for the class. This constructor will be used to initialize the control. You can also add any additional code that you want to run when the control is created.

After that, you need to override the OnPaint method. This method is responsible for drawing the control on the screen. You can use the Graphics object to draw the control.

Finally, you need to register the control with the .NET Framework. This can be done by adding an entry to the application configuration file. This will allow the control to be used in other applications.

Once the control is registered, you can use it in your applications. You can also distribute the control to other developers so they can use it in their applications.


Looking for a remote tech job? Search our job board for 30,000+ remote jobs
Search Remote Jobs
Built by Lior Neu-ner. I'd love to hear your feedback — Get in touch via DM or lior@remoterocketship.com
Jobs by Title
Remote Account Executive jobsRemote Accounting, Payroll & Financial Planning jobsRemote Administration jobsRemote Android Engineer jobsRemote Backend Engineer jobsRemote Business Operations & Strategy jobsRemote Chief of Staff jobsRemote Compliance jobsRemote Content Marketing jobsRemote Content Writer jobsRemote Copywriter jobsRemote Customer Success jobsRemote Customer Support jobsRemote Data Analyst jobsRemote Data Engineer jobsRemote Data Scientist jobsRemote DevOps jobsRemote Engineering Manager jobsRemote Executive Assistant jobsRemote Full-stack Engineer jobsRemote Frontend Engineer jobsRemote Game Engineer jobsRemote Graphics Designer jobsRemote Growth Marketing jobsRemote Hardware Engineer jobsRemote Human Resources jobsRemote iOS Engineer jobsRemote Infrastructure Engineer jobsRemote IT Support jobsRemote Legal jobsRemote Machine Learning Engineer jobsRemote Marketing jobsRemote Operations jobsRemote Performance Marketing jobsRemote Product Analyst jobsRemote Product Designer jobsRemote Product Manager jobsRemote Project & Program Management jobsRemote Product Marketing jobsRemote QA Engineer jobsRemote SDET jobsRemote Recruitment jobsRemote Risk jobsRemote Sales jobsRemote Scrum Master / Agile Coach jobsRemote Security Engineer jobsRemote SEO Marketing jobsRemote Social Media & Community jobsRemote Software Engineer jobsRemote Solutions Engineer jobsRemote Support Engineer jobsRemote Technical Writer jobsRemote Technical Product Manager jobsRemote User Researcher jobs