10 Routing Interview Questions and Answers in 2023

Routing icon
As technology continues to evolve, so do the questions asked in job interviews. Routing is an important part of networking and is a skill that is in high demand. In this blog, we will discuss 10 of the most common routing interview questions and answers for 2023. We will provide a brief overview of each question and provide an in-depth answer to help you prepare for your next interview.

1. Describe the process of creating a routing protocol from scratch.

Creating a routing protocol from scratch is a complex process that requires a deep understanding of networking and routing protocols. The first step is to define the goals of the protocol. This includes determining the type of network it will be used in, the types of traffic it will support, and the desired performance characteristics.

Once the goals are established, the next step is to design the protocol. This includes deciding on the packet format, the addressing scheme, the routing algorithms, and the security measures. It is important to consider the scalability of the protocol and the ability to support future changes.

The next step is to implement the protocol. This includes writing the code for the protocol, testing it, and debugging it. It is important to ensure that the protocol is secure and reliable.

The final step is to deploy the protocol. This includes configuring the routers and switches to use the protocol, and testing the protocol in a live environment. It is important to monitor the performance of the protocol and make adjustments as needed.

Creating a routing protocol from scratch is a complex process that requires a deep understanding of networking and routing protocols. It is important to consider the scalability of the protocol and the ability to support future changes. It is also important to ensure that the protocol is secure and reliable. With careful planning and implementation, a routing protocol can be created from scratch.


2. How do you troubleshoot routing issues?

When troubleshooting routing issues, the first step is to identify the source of the problem. This can be done by examining the routing table, checking the configuration of the router, and verifying the network topology.

Once the source of the problem has been identified, the next step is to isolate the issue. This can be done by testing the router's interfaces, checking the cables and connections, and verifying the IP addressing scheme.

The next step is to determine the cause of the issue. This can be done by examining the router's logs, running diagnostic tests, and checking for any software or hardware issues.

Once the cause of the issue has been identified, the next step is to resolve the issue. This can be done by reconfiguring the router, updating the software or firmware, or replacing any faulty hardware.

Finally, the last step is to verify that the issue has been resolved. This can be done by running tests to ensure that the router is functioning properly and that the network is stable.


3. What is the difference between static and dynamic routing?

Static routing is a type of routing that occurs when a router uses a manually-configured routing entry, rather than information from a dynamic routing protocol to determine the best path for a data packet. This type of routing is typically used in small networks where there is a limited number of routers and the network topology is relatively simple. Static routing is also used in larger networks when a particular route needs to be used for a specific purpose, such as providing a secure connection between two networks.

Dynamic routing is a type of routing that occurs when a router uses information from a dynamic routing protocol to determine the best path for a data packet. Dynamic routing protocols are used to exchange information between routers in order to build and maintain routing tables. These routing protocols use algorithms to determine the best path for a data packet based on factors such as network topology, link cost, and network traffic. Dynamic routing is typically used in larger networks where the network topology is more complex and the number of routers is greater.


4. What is the purpose of a routing table?

The purpose of a routing table is to store information about the topology of a network, including the paths and distances between nodes. It is used by routers to determine the best path for a packet to take from its source to its destination. The routing table contains information about the network's topology, such as the IP addresses of the nodes, the cost of each link, and the type of network protocol being used. It also contains information about the status of each link, such as whether it is up or down. The routing table is used by routers to determine the best path for a packet to take from its source to its destination. The router uses the routing table to determine the shortest path to the destination, taking into account the cost of each link and the status of each link. The routing table is constantly updated as the network topology changes, so that the router can always find the best path for a packet.


5. How do you optimize routing performance?

Optimizing routing performance involves a number of different strategies. The most important of these is to ensure that the routing algorithm is efficient and that the data structures used to store routing information are optimized for the task.

The first step is to ensure that the routing algorithm is efficient. This means that the algorithm should be designed to minimize the number of hops required to reach a destination, as well as the amount of time required to process each hop. Additionally, the algorithm should be designed to minimize the amount of memory and processing power required to execute the algorithm.

The second step is to optimize the data structures used to store routing information. This includes using data structures that are optimized for the task, such as hash tables, binary trees, and graphs. Additionally, the data structures should be designed to minimize the amount of memory and processing power required to store and access the routing information.

Finally, the routing system should be designed to take advantage of any available hardware acceleration. This includes using specialized hardware, such as network processors, to speed up the routing process. Additionally, the system should be designed to take advantage of any available software acceleration, such as using parallel processing or distributed computing to speed up the routing process.

By following these steps, routing performance can be significantly improved.


6. What is the difference between RIP and OSPF?

The main difference between RIP and OSPF is the way they route traffic. RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a distance-vector routing protocol that uses hop count as its metric. It sends its entire routing table out to all its neighbors every 30 seconds and has a maximum hop count of 15. This makes it a relatively slow and inefficient protocol for larger networks.

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) is a link-state routing protocol that uses a cost metric to determine the best path for data to travel. It sends out only the changes in the network topology to its neighbors, which makes it much faster and more efficient than RIP. OSPF also supports VLSM (Variable Length Subnet Masking) which allows for more efficient use of IP addresses. Additionally, OSPF has a much larger hop count limit of 255, which makes it suitable for larger networks.


7. What is the purpose of a routing protocol?

The purpose of a routing protocol is to enable the exchange of information between different networks and devices in a network. It is responsible for finding the best path for data to travel from one network to another. Routing protocols are used to determine the best path for data to travel from one network to another, based on factors such as cost, speed, and reliability. They also provide a way for routers to communicate with each other and exchange information about the network topology. This allows routers to make decisions about which paths to use for data transmission. Routing protocols also provide a way for routers to detect and respond to changes in the network topology, such as when a link fails or a new router is added. This helps ensure that data is routed efficiently and reliably.


8. How do you configure a router to use a specific routing protocol?

To configure a router to use a specific routing protocol, the following steps should be taken:

1. Log into the router's command line interface (CLI) using a secure shell (SSH) connection.

2. Enter the appropriate configuration commands to enable the desired routing protocol. For example, to enable OSPF, the command "router ospf" should be used.

3. Configure the router's interface to use the desired routing protocol. For example, to enable OSPF on an interface, the command "network area " should be used.

4. Configure the router's routing table to use the desired routing protocol. For example, to enable OSPF, the command "router ospf redistribute " should be used.

5. Configure the router's authentication settings for the desired routing protocol. For example, to enable OSPF authentication, the command "router ospf authentication-mode " should be used.

6. Configure the router's neighbor settings for the desired routing protocol. For example, to enable OSPF neighbor discovery, the command "router ospf neighbor " should be used.

7. Save the configuration changes and verify that the desired routing protocol is enabled and functioning correctly.

By following these steps, a router can be configured to use a specific routing protocol.


9. What is the purpose of a route summarization?

Route summarization is a process used in routing protocols to reduce the number of routes that need to be stored in a router's routing table. It is used to reduce the size of routing tables and the amount of network traffic generated by routing protocols. Route summarization works by combining multiple routes into a single route, which is then advertised to other routers. This reduces the number of routes that need to be stored in the routing table, as well as the amount of network traffic generated by routing protocols. Route summarization also helps to reduce the amount of time it takes for a router to process routing information, as it only needs to process a single route instead of multiple routes. In addition, route summarization can help to reduce the amount of memory required to store routing information, as fewer routes need to be stored.


10. How do you configure a router to use multiple routing protocols?

To configure a router to use multiple routing protocols, the following steps should be taken:

1. Determine the routing protocols that will be used. This will depend on the specific needs of the network, but common protocols include RIP, OSPF, EIGRP, and BGP.

2. Configure the router with the appropriate routing protocol. This will involve entering the appropriate commands into the router's command line interface (CLI).

3. Configure the router to advertise the appropriate routes. This will involve entering the appropriate commands into the router's CLI.

4. Configure the router to accept routes from other routers. This will involve entering the appropriate commands into the router's CLI.

5. Configure the router to redistribute routes between the different routing protocols. This will involve entering the appropriate commands into the router's CLI.

6. Test the configuration to ensure that the router is properly configured and that the routes are being advertised and accepted correctly.

7. Monitor the router to ensure that the routing protocols are working correctly. This will involve using the appropriate monitoring tools and commands.


Looking for a remote tech job? Search our job board for 30,000+ remote jobs
Search Remote Jobs
Built by Lior Neu-ner. I'd love to hear your feedback — Get in touch via DM or lior@remoterocketship.com
Jobs by Title
Remote Account Executive jobsRemote Accounting, Payroll & Financial Planning jobsRemote Administration jobsRemote Android Engineer jobsRemote Backend Engineer jobsRemote Business Operations & Strategy jobsRemote Chief of Staff jobsRemote Compliance jobsRemote Content Marketing jobsRemote Content Writer jobsRemote Copywriter jobsRemote Customer Success jobsRemote Customer Support jobsRemote Data Analyst jobsRemote Data Engineer jobsRemote Data Scientist jobsRemote DevOps jobsRemote Engineering Manager jobsRemote Executive Assistant jobsRemote Full-stack Engineer jobsRemote Frontend Engineer jobsRemote Game Engineer jobsRemote Graphics Designer jobsRemote Growth Marketing jobsRemote Hardware Engineer jobsRemote Human Resources jobsRemote iOS Engineer jobsRemote Infrastructure Engineer jobsRemote IT Support jobsRemote Legal jobsRemote Machine Learning Engineer jobsRemote Marketing jobsRemote Operations jobsRemote Performance Marketing jobsRemote Product Analyst jobsRemote Product Designer jobsRemote Product Manager jobsRemote Project & Program Management jobsRemote Product Marketing jobsRemote QA Engineer jobsRemote SDET jobsRemote Recruitment jobsRemote Risk jobsRemote Sales jobsRemote Scrum Master / Agile Coach jobsRemote Security Engineer jobsRemote SEO Marketing jobsRemote Social Media & Community jobsRemote Software Engineer jobsRemote Solutions Engineer jobsRemote Support Engineer jobsRemote Technical Writer jobsRemote Technical Product Manager jobsRemote User Researcher jobs