10 Operational Risk Manager Interview Questions and Answers for Risk & Compliance Managers

flat art illustration of a Risk & Compliance Manager
If you're preparing for risk & compliance manager interviews, see also our comprehensive interview questions and answers for the following risk & compliance manager specializations:

1. What is your experience with operational risk management?

As an experienced Risk & Compliance Manager, I have worked extensively with operational risk management throughout my career. In my previous position at XYZ company, I led a team responsible for identifying, assessing, and mitigating operational risks across the organization.

Through my leadership, we successfully reduced the number of operational incidents by 50% within the first year of implementing our risk management strategy. Additionally, we improved employee compliance with risk management policies by 25% through targeted training and communication campaigns.

  1. I have experience in identifying and assessing operational risk across organizational functions and business units.
  2. I have expertise in developing and implementing risk management strategies that align with organizational goals and objectives.
  3. I have experience leading cross-functional teams to identify and mitigate potential operational risks.
  4. I have expertise in developing and implementing risk management policies and procedures that comply with regulatory requirements and industry standards.
  5. I have experience in conducting risk assessments and creating risk mitigation plans that address identified risks.
  6. I have experience in reporting and communicating operational risk management activities and results to executive leadership and stakeholders.
  7. I have experience in monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of risk management strategies and making recommendations for improvement.
  8. I have expertise in leveraging technology to support operational risk management activities, such as risk assessments, monitoring, and reporting.
  9. I have experience working with internal and external auditors to ensure compliance with risk management policies and procedures.
  10. I have experience managing vendor risk and ensuring compliance with contractual obligations and service level agreements.

My extensive experience in operational risk management, combined with my passion for continuous improvement and excellence, would enable me to make meaningful contributions to your organization as an Operational Risk Manager.

2. How do you stay up to date with industry regulations and compliance standards?

As an Operational Risk Manager, it is crucial to stay up to date with industry regulations and compliance standards. There are several ways I ensure that my knowledge is current and accurate:

  1. I attend conferences and seminars related to risk management and compliance regulations. For example, last year I attended the Risk Management Association Annual Conference, where I participated in workshops on emerging risks and cyber threats.
  2. I subscribe to industry newsletters to stay informed about the latest regulatory changes. I find that the newsletters from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and the Securities and Exchange Commission are especially informative.
  3. I regularly review industry publications and research reports to stay current with best practices in risk management. Recently, I read the "Operational Risk Management in the Financial Services Industry" report by Deloitte, which provided key insights into industry trends and challenges.
  4. I participate in industry forums and discussion groups to stay connected with peers and colleagues. For instance, I am a member of the Risk Management Association and regularly participate in online forums to discuss best practices and emerging risks.
  5. I also conduct regular risk assessments to ensure that our organization is compliant with applicable regulations and standards. By reviewing our own practices and conducting gap analyses, I can identify areas where we need to improve our compliance to avoid potential risks.

By employing these various strategies, I ensure that my knowledge of industry regulations and compliance standards is current and accurate. This enables me to effectively manage risks and help our organization avoid potential compliance issues.

3. Can you give an example of a time when you identified and mitigated a potential operational risk?

During my time at XYZ Bank, I noticed a potential risk in our lending department. When reviewing loan applications, I discovered that some loan officers were not properly verifying the income of applicants, which could lead to an increase in default rates.

To mitigate this risk, I implemented a new policy requiring loan officers to verify income through a secondary source, such as tax returns or pay stubs. I also provided additional training to the lending team on the importance of income verification.

As a result of these changes, the default rate for loans decreased by 20% within the first six months. This not only reduced the bank's risk exposure but also improved customer satisfaction as they were receiving loans that they could actually afford to repay.

4. How do you prioritize and address multiple operational risks within an organization?

As an Operational Risk Manager, my approach to prioritizing and addressing multiple operational risks within an organization is based on a structured process that involves the following steps:

  1. Identifying and assessing the risks: I start by analyzing various factors that contribute to the risks, such as historical data, current market trends, and regulatory requirements. This helps me to prioritize the risks based on their impact, likelihood, and severity.
  2. Developing a risk mitigation strategy: Once the risks have been prioritized, the next step is to develop a strategy to mitigate them. This strategy may involve implementing new policies and procedures, training employees, investing in new technologies, or outsourcing certain activities.
  3. Assigning accountability: After developing a risk mitigation strategy, I assign accountability to various stakeholders within the organization. This allows me to be able to communicate clearly who owns which risk and who is accountable for meeting specific goals that have been set to mitigate the risks.
  4. Monitoring and reporting on progress: To ensure that the risk mitigation strategy is successful, I monitor and report progress to both senior management and other stakeholders within the organization. This involves periodic review and analysis of data on the effectiveness of the strategies adopted, including setting targets and benchmarking metrics for each risk to track progress over time.

One example of how I prioritized and addressed multiple operational risks within an organization was when I led a project to assess the impact of new GDPR regulations on one of our company's business units. Using the process outlined above, I was able to prioritize the risks based on the potential impact on the business and the likelihood of occurrence. We then created a plan to update policies and procedures, including changes to our data privacy program and an update to our employee training program. After the changes were implemented, we tracked and reported progress to senior management and found that we had greatly reduced the overall risk of non-compliance, mitigating the organization against potentially large fines and reputational damage.

5. How do you communicate operational risk information to senior management and stakeholders?

As an Operational Risk Manager, it is vital to ensure that senior management and stakeholders are well-informed of the various risks that could potentially impact the organization. Here's how I communicate operational risk information to senior management and stakeholders:

  1. Clear and concise reports: I always prepare clear and concise reports that highlight the key risk exposures of the organization. These reports usually include a summary of the risks, the likelihood of their occurrence, potential impact, and recommended mitigation strategies.
  2. Regular meetings and presentations: I believe that regular meetings and presentations are crucial in keeping senior management and stakeholders informed about operational risk. I schedule regular meetings to discuss our risk management strategy and provide updates on any new or emerging risks. In addition, I also make presentations to the Board of Directors and other stakeholders to ensure that they are aware of the current risk level and the actions we are taking to mitigate the risks.
  3. Use of technology: I leverage technology to facilitate the communication of operational risk information. For instance, I use risk management software to create dashboards that provide real-time visibility into the organization's risk profile. These dashboards can be shared with senior management and stakeholders to keep them informed about current and emerging risks.
  4. Customized communication approach: Different stakeholders have different communication preferences, and I tailor my communication approach to meet their needs. For instance, senior management may prefer to receive high-level summaries, while regulators may require more detailed information. I also use visual aids such as charts, tables, and graphs to present information in a more digestible format.
  5. Impact-driven recommendations: I make sure that my recommendations are data-driven and that I back them up with concrete results. For example, if I recommend investing in a new risk management system, I will include data that shows the potential benefits of the new system, such as a reduction in time, cost, and errors.

Overall, my approach to communicating operational risk information to senior management and stakeholders is to provide clear, concise, and customized information that is backed by data and results. By doing so, I ensure that decision-makers are well-informed and empowered to make sound risk management decisions.

6. What methods do you use to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of operational risk controls?

Sample Answer:

As an operational risk manager, I understand the importance of regularly monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of operational risk controls. Therefore, I follow a structured process to ensure that the risk controls are reliable and effective in mitigating any operational risks. Some of the methods that I use are:

  1. Risk assessments: I conduct regular risk assessments to identify any potential risks and assess their likelihood and impact on the organization, which helps me to determine the adequacy of the existing risk controls.
  2. KPIs: I track key performance indicators (KPIs) for each risk control, such as how many incidents have occurred or the average time it takes to resolve an issue. This helps me to identify any trends or outliers and determine whether the controls are working as intended.
  3. Testing: I conduct periodic testing of the risk controls to ensure that they are working as intended. For example, I may simulate a potential operational risk scenario and test whether the control measures in place would effectively mitigate the risk.
  4. Reviews: I conduct regular reviews of the risk controls to ensure that they remain up-to-date and relevant. This may involve conducting interviews or surveys with employees to determine their effectiveness.

Through this approach, I have been able to significantly reduce operational risks in my previous role. For example, I implemented a new risk control measure for a customer service process, which resulted in a 30% decrease in customer complaints related to the process within the first quarter. This demonstrated the effectiveness of the risk control in mitigating the operational risk.

7. How do you work with other departments and stakeholders to implement operational risk management strategies?

Working with other departments and stakeholders is critical when implementing operational risk management strategies, as it ensures that everyone is aligned and working towards the same end goal. In my experience, I have found the following steps helpful:

  1. Identifying key stakeholders: This involves identifying individuals or departments that will be impacted by the new operational risk management strategies. For instance, I found that involving the IT department in the planning process was crucial, as they were responsible for implementing any new systems or processes.
  2. Communicating the benefits: Once the key stakeholders have been identified, I make sure to communicate the benefits of the operational risk management strategies to each stakeholder. This ensures that everyone has a clear idea of how the changes will positively impact the organization. For example, in my previous role, I communicated to the Finance department how implementing operational risk management strategies would result in fewer fines from regulatory bodies.
  3. Collaborating with each department: To ensure that the operational risk management strategies are effective, I collaborate with each department affected to discuss their specific needs and to gather feedback. This helps to tailor the strategies to meet the unique needs of each department. For example, in my previous role as an Operational Risk Manager at ABC Bank, I collaborated with the Compliance department to develop a new onboarding process that improved compliance with regulations.
  4. Tracking and Reporting Progress: After implementing the strategies, I track and report on progress to ensure that the goals are being achieved. For example, in my previous role, I implemented operational risk management strategies in the Bank’s investment department. As a result, there was a 30% reduction in the number of compliance violations reported by the regulators

Overall, effectively working with departments and stakeholders is essential when implementing operational risk management strategies. By following the steps outlined above, I have been able to successfully implement operational risk management strategies that positively impact the organization.

8. Can you share a time when you had to make a difficult decision regarding operational risk management?

During my time as an Operational Risk Manager at XYZ Corporation, I encountered a situation where we were facing a potential breach of data privacy. We had received a request from a client to access their personal information, but upon further investigation, we discovered that the request had come from someone who was not authorized to access the data.

After consulting with our legal team and upper management, I had to make the difficult decision to deny the request and notify our client about the potential breach. This decision was not easy, as denying the request could have potentially damaged our relationship with the client.

  1. As a result of this decision:
    • We were able to prevent a potential data breach
    • We implemented stricter protocols for data access requests to prevent similar situations in the future
  2. Our client appreciated our transparency and proactive approach, and our relationship remained strong.

Ultimately, while it was a difficult decision to make, prioritizing data privacy and taking preventive measures proved to be the right choice. This experience taught me the importance of thorough investigation and making decisions that prioritize the best interests of both the company and the clients.

9. How do you balance the need for operational efficiency with the need for risk mitigation?

Operational efficiency and risk mitigation are two critical factors for any business. As an Operational Risk Manager, I understand that the goal is not to eliminate risk completely but to manage it effectively while maintaining optimal efficiency.

  1. Firstly, I assess the risk level of each operational process and determine the risk tolerance level of the organization.
  2. Next, I prioritize the processes that carry the highest risk and analyze them to determine how the risk can be mitigated without compromising efficiency.
  3. I work closely with the operations team to identify any inefficiencies that may be contributing to the risk and evaluate if there are any alternative methods that can lead to a more efficient process.
  4. I also review historical data to identify trends that could indicate potential areas of concern for risk and work towards developing processes that can prevent such risks from happening.
  5. At times, risk mitigation and operational efficiencies may conflict with each other. In such instances, I weigh the potential impact of each and determine the best approach that balances both risk mitigation and operational efficiency.
  6. Finally, I collect and analyze data on the effectiveness of measures implemented to manage operational risk and make adjustments if needed.

Overall, my goal is to establish a balance between operational efficiency and risk mitigation that is optimal for the organization. For instance, in my previous role, I reduced the risk of transaction errors by 20% while increasing the overall efficiency of the process by 15%. This was achieved by introducing automation and optimizing the workflow. The result was a significant improvement in accuracy, efficiency, and risk mitigation.

10. Can you discuss your experience with developing and implementing policies and procedures related to operational risk management?

During my time as an Operational Risk Manager at XYZ Corporation, I developed and implemented policies and procedures related to operational risk management that resulted in a significant reduction in risk and cost savings for the company.

  1. To begin, I conducted a thorough analysis of the company's existing policies and identified areas that needed improvement. After partnering with key stakeholders throughout the organization, we identified a set of policies and procedures that would best address the company's specific operational risks.
  2. Next, I created a detailed implementation plan and communicated it to all relevant departments within the company. This plan included timelines for implementation, training materials, and communication strategies to ensure that everyone understood the new policies and procedures.
  3. During the implementation process, I worked closely with department leaders to address any concerns or challenges that arose. I also conducted training sessions to ensure that employees were properly trained on the new policies and procedures.
  4. After implementation was complete, I monitored the effectiveness of the new policies and procedures and made necessary adjustments based on feedback and data analysis. Within the first year, we saw a 15% reduction in operational risk incidents and a cost savings of $500,000 due to more effective risk management strategies.

Overall, my experience with developing and implementing operational risk management policies and procedures has led to measurable improvements in risk reduction and cost savings for the companies I have worked with.


If you're preparing for an Operational Risk Manager interview, it's important to be well-versed in the potential questions and answers that you may be asked. We've provided a list of 10 questions and their corresponding answers to help you feel more confident. In addition to preparing for the interview, it's crucial to ensure that your cover letter is top-notch. You can learn how to write a great cover letter by checking out Remote Rocketship's guide: write a great cover letter. You should also prepare an impressive risk & compliance CV; Remote Rocketship offers a helpful guide to assist with this as well: prepare an impressive risk & compliance CV. And if you're looking for a new job, our remote Risk & Compliance job board is the perfect place to start: remote Risk & Compliance job board. Good luck with your interview and job search!

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